Scientists have calculated that for the time of obtaining gold from the bowels of the earth have learned the order of 200,000 tons. If the cast of this gold cube, it becomes more than the eight-story building.
The biggest statue that has ever been made of gold, established by order of Queen Semiramis of Assyria. This statue of the goddess Rhea, who was seated on a throne, surrounded by lions, weighing over 250 tons. Now its fate is virtually unknown.
1. Translated from the Proto-Indo-European root word "gold" meant "yellow", "green" or maybe "bright."
2. Gold - a rare metal. Every hour in the world have cast more than the gold was mined in the history of mankind.
3. On Earth, there are gold deposits on all continents.
4. The melting point of gold is 1064.43 degrees Celsius. The metal is good conductor of heat and electricity, will never rust.
5. Gold - one of the most valuable metals. The high price of gold began to actively help the development of mines in different parts of the world.Nevertheless, it is believed that 80% of the total reserves of precious metals are still in the bowels of the earth.
6. 75 percent of the total weight of gold who is now in circulation, was produced after 1910.
7. Medical research is the early twentieth century have shown that gold is an effective tool in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
8. Gold - a very flexible metal. From it you can make sewing thread. One ounce of gold (28.35 grams) can be stretched for 80 kilometers.
9. Despite the fact that gold - the metal, it is edible. In some Asian countries it is added to the fruit, jelly desserts, coffee and tea. Since the 1500s they began to lay the gold leaf in a bottle with strong alcohol (eg, Goldschlager, Danziger Goldwasser). Some Indian tribes believed that the use of gold in the food gives the ability to levitate.
10. The weight of one of the largest gold nugget was equal to 72 kg, its dimensions are - 31 × 63,5 cm was found "treasure" was John and Richard Dizon in Australia, February 5, 1869. Nugget was named "Hello, stranger." It is noteworthy that the gold "stone" at a depth of five centimeters from the ground.
11. During the economic crisis in March 2008 the price of gold quickly, "flew" up and more than 1,000 dollars for one ounce (28.35 grams). It was the only such case in history.
12. In periods of recession investors tend to transfer their assets in gold and silver. Thus, according to the report World Gold Council, in the second half of 2008 the demand for investing in precious metals has risen sharply.
13. Dow / Gold ratio, showing how much gold you want to purchase one share of Dow, is an excellent "renderer" state of the global economy. Thus, at the beginning of 2009 the index of Dow / Gold fell to the same indicators that were reported in 1930 and 1980 years.
14. Gold - a chemically inert substance, so it never rusts and does not cause skin irritation. If a piece of jewelry made of gold has caused an allergic reaction, then added another in the alloy metal.
15. One cubic foot of gold (about 27 cm3) weighs half a ton. The largest gold bar weighs 200 kg (440 pounds).
16. In 2005, Rick Munarriz asked what is more profitable for investment: the purchase of gold or shares of Google. It turned out that both the "product" equal to the stock market. By the end of 2008, Google finished at $ 307.65, while gold "skyrocketed" in the price to $ 866 per ounce.
17. Medals for the Olympic champions were cast entirely of gold. In today's gold medals covered only the "outer shell". This takes 6 grams of precious metal.
18. The Incas called gold "Tears of the Sun." It was believed that the metal - a gift to the people of God of the Sun. Then the gold ornaments were purely aesthetic, and religious importance of financial strength they had.
19. About 1200 BC the ancient Egyptians to sift gold dust from the sea of sand with unshorn sheepskin. It is this trade is likely to become the source of legends about the "Golden Fleece."
20. In ancient Egypt, gold was considered the skin / flesh of the gods. In particular, the Sun God Ra. For this reason, the precious metal was available only pharaohs and members of their families and their clergy. Chamber, which houses the sarcophagus of the king, called the "house of gold."
21. In ancient times gold was considered as the biggest earner Nubia, as evidenced by data from the Turin papyrus. At the time, like slaves endured terrible suffering, mining gold nuggets and gold dust sifting from the usual dirt, Egyptian jewelers make adornments for nobles, enjoyed in society is very high, almost sacred status.
22. Although the ancient Jews had enough gold to build a golden calf, probably a story about dancing around him, while Moses spoke with God on Mount Sinai, is a fiction. Scientists say that the gold in those days had nothing to do with the money, and the Jews in the head could not come to bribe the gods of the golden calves.
23. In the Bible, gold is mentioned no less than 400 times. In particular, there are instructions from God to cover the furniture in the tent of "pure gold". Also, the metal is mentioned as one of the gifts of the Magi.
24. The Greeks believed that the gold - a dense combination of water and sunlight.
25. In 560 BC Lydians produced the world's first gold coin. However, it was not pure gold, and electrum from - an alloy of gold and silver. Herodotus criticizes the materialism of the Lydians, who were also the first to open retail stores. Around the world, the use of gold coins began after the Persians conquered the Lydians lands.
26. Before gold coins came into use, for products were calculated plant products, various kinds of livestock (mostly cattle). Construction work performed in the ancient slaves, and they pay the money was not necessary.
27. Chemical element «AU» from Latin Aurum means "shining light."
28. When the Goose Creek warned the Romans of the Gauls intention to attack the temple, which contained all their treasures, the people of Rome as a sign of gratitude to the goddess Warnings (Moneta) built a sanctuary. The relationship between savings and saved Moneta adopted in the English language by associating the word «money» and «mint».
29. In the period from 307 to 324 years. BC the cost of one pound of gold in Rome grew from 100,000 dinars (Roman coin) to 300,000 dinars. By the mid-fourth century, a pound of gold worth 2.12 billion dinars. That's a good example of rampant inflation, which can be partly blamed for the collapse of the Roman Empire.
30. Proof coins in England (public inspection of quality of gold) began in England in 1282 and continues to this day. The term "pyx" boxwood is derived from the chests, which contain coins, which will check the quality. Today, the coin is checked for compliance with the diameter, as well as normative weight and chemical composition.
31.V the fourteenth century with the addition of molten gold crushed emeralds used for the treatment of bubonic plague.
32. In 1511 the Spanish King Ferdinand expressed his legendary phrase: "Get gold humanely if possible - if not win, in spite of any danger."
33. And the Greeks, and Jews began to practice alchemy in 300 BC, Finding ways to turn base metals into gold reached its apogee in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
34. In 1599 the Spanish governor of Jivaro tribe, overlaid with so much tax that he was executed, the Gulf of molten gold in the throat. This kind of punishment is widely practiced by the Spanish Inquisition, and the Romans.
35. Golden Ducat, introduced into circulation in Venice in 1284, for 500 years remained the most popular coin in the world. Dukat, translated from Latin means "prince". The coin used in the time of Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet, as well as mention of it there in the play "The Merchant of Venice» («The Merchant of Venice»). On gold ducats in one of his songs («I Ain't the One») sings rapper Ice Cube and about them as mentioned in the sci-fi movie "Babylon 5" as the money race century.
36. Initially the U.S. Mint produced coins of pure gold, $ 2.50 par value, $ 10 and $ 15. Stopped minting of precious coins in 1933, with the advent of the Great Depression.
37. A team of American football "49ers" was named for the prospectors who arrived in 1849, during the "gold rush" to Northern California.
38. Gold and copper - the first metals discovered by human beings (the first record, allegedly took place 5000 years BC.)
39. The price of gold is decisive for the majority of the world's many currencies.After the Second World War, the U.S. launched the Bretton Woods system, in which the value of one U.S. dollar was 1.35 troy ounces of gold (1 ounce = 888.671 mg). The system was officially closed in 1971, when the stock of gold was insufficient to cover the cost of paper money in circulation.
40. The largest reserves of gold are in the vault of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York - there are over 500,000 of gold bullion (25% of world reserves). The bank has more gold than Fort Knox (Fort Knox), most of the treasures owned by foreign governments.
41. The term "ounce" of gold came from the name of the French city of Troyes, which was the world's first system of weights for precious metals and stones.One troy ounce is equal to the weight of 480 grains (one grain weighing exactly 64.79892 mg).
42. The gold standard was repealed and was replaced by a standard currency, adopted by the government in most countries - fiat, or fiat money. U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson strongly opposed the decree, as agreed with the majority of economists who believe that fiat increases cyclic ups and downs of inflation.
43. The depth of the mines of South African mines, which are mined gold reaches 3.6 km, and the air temperature there - 54 degrees Celsius. To produce one ounce of gold requires 38 man-hours, 140 liters of water, the presence of chemicals (acids, cyanide, lead, borax, lime), in the amount of electricity, enough to power a residential home for 10 days. For the treatment of the interior of Africa the annual volume of gold mined in the mainland (about 500 tons), need to be raised to the surface and pereseyat more than 700 million tons of soil.
44. Throughout history, gold has been withdrawn from the land of about 142 000 tonnes of gold. If we take the price of gold equal to $ 1,000 per ounce, the total cost of the metal is approximately 4.5 trillion dollars. In the United States alone, in circulation and on deposit is about 7.6 trillion dollars, so a return to the gold standard is impossible. Although most experts believe that a return to the use of gold coins is unrealistic, there are libertarians and objectivists believe that the enactment of the gold standard would reduce inflationary risks and limit the impact of the government.
45. The first officially recorded gold nugget was mined in the United States of America, in Cabarrus, North Carolina. His weight was 17 pounds (7.7 kg). That North Carolina has become the birthplace of "gold fever". After this second nugget found in 1803.
46. In 1848 during the construction of a sawmill for Sutter near Sacramento Joji John Marshall found flakes of gold in the ground. This discovery caused a "gold rush" in the American West, and led to his active occupation.
47. In 1933, Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6102, prohibiting the accumulation of gold by U.S. citizens. Disobedient punished by a fine of $ 10 000 or 10-th years in prison. Under the action of the decree were not included jewelers, dentists, electricians and other "industrial" workers.
48. The tiny grains of gold are used Amersham Corporation of Illinois to determine the functions of specific proteins and treatment of various diseases.
49. The purity of gold is determined by the carat. The term "carat" is derived from carob seeds, which are used in the Middle East for weighing. Carats - leguminous fruits, each pod of the carob tree weighs 1/5 g (200 mg).
50. Gold weight in carats can be 10, 12, 14, 18, 22 or 24. The higher the number, the higher the quality of gold. "Pure Gold" is considered with a minimum weight of 10 carats. "Purest gold" - 24-carat, however, and it contains a small amount of copper. Pure gold is so soft and ductile that it can be molded by hand.